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Vocational education system Germany

The German Vocational Training System: An Overview

Students from a Leipzig chamber of vocational study, ply the electrician's trade, here learning control engineering. (© picture alliance / dpa) The German vocational training system, with its combination of classroom and business, theory and practice, learning and working, is recognized worldwide as a basic and highly effective model for vocational training. The dual system is firmly established in the German education system, having, as it does, firm roots dating back to the Middle Ages. An essential characteristic of the dual system is the cooperation between largely private companies, on the one hand, and public vocational schools, on the other. This cooperation is regulated by law. The term “dual” also denotes a specific constitutional situation in Germany, where the federal government is responsible for vocational training in the companies, and the federal states (Länder) for the vocational schools. Thus, the German dual system of vocational training combines theory and practice, knowledge and skills, learning and working in a particularly efficient manner.

In Germany, there are currently some 350 officially recognized occupational standards. These standards are a central element of the German vocational training system. Although they are incorporated in state law, trade and industry also play a decisive part in their formulation.

In Germany, more than 50 percent of all students who were college-bound in high school but decided against university apply for vocational training, and many companies participate in vocational training. Companies provide training voluntarily, and often at their own expense, because they believe that this is the best way to meet their own need for skilled staff. Private companies bear two-thirds of the total costs spent every year on (initial) vocational training in Germany – costs which amount to an average of 15, 300 euros per trainee per year. Businesses that take part in the practice consider training their own new employees the best form of personnel recruitment. Training companies save on recruitment costs and the cost of new-employee training. They also avoid the latent risk of hiring the wrong employee for the job. The main benefit for trainees is receiving market-relevant training that improves their chances in the labor market while simultaneously improving social skills and developing personality. Finally, the state, too, benefits from the dual system through easing the burden on public budgets by participation of the enterprises and by keeping the workforce up to date.

Counting the peas. A trainee cooking a pot of soup at a hotel near Berlin gets on-the-job instruction. (© picture-alliance / ZB) The German dual system has proved its success over a long period, and it still shows its ability to react quickly and effectively to the many changes currently affecting the economy and society.

Demographic development, the globalization of markets, new technologies and new work organization models require new educational policy structures in order to respond to the demand for a qualified workforce.

University of Education Press Tradition and Change in the dual system - Vocational education and career education in Germany (2003) ISBN: 4887305478 [Japanese Import]
Book (University of Education Press)
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FAQ

Tony
International student, and a bit worried?

As an Egyptian undergraduate student, would Spain or Germany be a good place for me? I'm talking in terms or racism, safety, fair job opportunities, etc. No offence intended!

It is my first time to live abroad alone and I'm a little bit worried. Oh, also which city should I live in? I'm a night owl! :D I'm considering Madrid if I move to Spain, and Berlin if I move to Germany. But I read couple of Y!A posts regarding living in Berlin and some said that it is not a good choice.

And I'm agnostic atheist. Just for the whole religion conflict BS!

Germany would be better.

How are the living expenses in Germany?

An international student, besides the education expenses, will have to meet the monthly living expenses. This expense can be around 630 euros on average. One third of this is spent on house rent. This differs according to the place where you live

Can I work while am studying?

Earning money and studying at the same time is a part of everyday reality for many students in Germany. However, international students who do not come from EU or EEA countries are only allowed to work to a limited extent in Germany. In…

ikram_jabir
Is there any primary Germany school in Dubai ?

We will travle to live in Dubai , as we live now in Germany , I like to send my little girle to a Germany school in Dubai also .
Please help me and if it possible provide me the address .

Apparantly there are not German schools in Dubai, but in Sharjah. Sharjah is Norteast of Dubai in the UAE. It does not appear to be a long drive. (About 21 kilometers)

SHARJAH GERMAN SCHOOL
Headmaster : Mr.Ohlemacher
Deutsche Schule Sharjah
P.O.Box 1465, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Tel : +971 (6) 5676014 Fax : +971 (6) 5662118
E-mail: dssharjh@emirates.net.ae
School hours : 8 am to 12.30 /1.15 pm
Location : Halwan, behind Fine Fair Complex & Sharjah Television
Bus service. No uniform.

Established in 1976, the German School Sharjah is a German Foreign School…

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