Higher education system in Germany
Student from Ghana (© picture-alliance/ dpa) Some 1.98 million students are currently studying at German institutions of higher education. Almost half of the them (48%) are women. A total of 376 higher education institutions offer study programmes, including 102 universities, 170 universities of applied sciences and 69 private colleges. In recent years, the number of foreign students has significantly increased.
How satisfied are the students in a particular department? How good are its study facilities? Students have lots of questions when they are looking for the right university or college. In Germany they can find appropriate answers in the rankings compiled by the Centre for Higher Education Development (CHE). The CHE list is considered the most comprehensive and most detailed comparison of German-speaking universities and universities of applied sciences. It covers a total of 35 subjects and can thus help three-quarters of all new students. In addition to facts about courses, teaching, facilities and research, the ranking incorporates more than 250, 000 students’ appraisals of the study conditions at their higher education institution as well as the reputation of departments among professors of individual subjects.
The German higher education system
(© picture-alliance/ ZB)
University of applied sciences, college of technology, university, university of cooperative education – the German higher education system has many facets, many different types of institution. This diversity enables students to select the best course for their needs. If you put more emphasis on practical knowledge, then you will be in good hands at a university of applied sciences; if you are interested in theoretical research, then a university is the place for you.
Research centres: the university is the traditional form of higher education institution. Germany’s 102 universities closely link research and teaching. Most universities offer the full range of subjects. However, a university with a strong technological orientation is known as Technische Universität (TU, technical university) or Technische Hochschule (TH, college of technology). Compared to universities of applied sciences, they place greater emphasis on basic research.